The Netherlands is a small country in northwestern Europe. The inhabitants of the Netherlands are known as the Dutch. As very accomplished navigators and explorers, the Dutch dominated trade and controlled many distant territories from the 17th to 20th centuries. The legacy of the Dutch empire continues to impact the current geography of the world. The company existed for years and brought great wealth to the Netherlands.
The Dutch traded for coveted luxuries such as Asian tea, coffee, sugar, rice, rubber, tobaccosilk, textiles, porcelain, and spices such as cinnamon, pepper, nutmeg and cloves. The company was able to build forts in the colonies, maintain an army and navy, and sign treaties with native rulers.
The company is now considered the first multinational corporation, which is a company that conducts business in more than one country. The Dutch controlled Indonesia until In return, the Japanese were introduced to Western approaches to medicine, mathematics, science, and other disciplines. Their descendants developed the Afrikaner ethnic group and the Afrikaans language. The Dutch established trading posts in many more places in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Examples include:. It established colonies in the following places:. The Dutch traded with the Native Americans, primarily for fur.
Inthe Dutch purchased the island of Manhattan from the Native Americans and founded a fort called New Amsterdam. The British attacked the important seaport in and the outnumbered Dutch surrendered it. Known as Dutch Guiana, cash crops were grown on plantations. Suriname received its independence from the Netherlands in November The Dutch also control the central Caribbean islands of Saba, St.
Eustatius, and the southern half of the island of Sint Maarten. The amount of sovereignty that each island possesses has changed several times in the last few years.
The Dutch controlled parts of northeastern Brazil and Guyana, before they became Portuguese and British, respectively. Compared to other imperialistic European countries, the Dutch had less success convincing its citizens to emigrate to the colonies.DUTCH WORLD CONQUEST ATTEMPT - Let's Play EU4 (1.29) - Episode 4
The empire fought several wars and lost valuable territory to other European countries. The debts of the companies rose rapidly.
By the 19th century, the deteriorating Dutch empire was overshadowed by the empires of other European countriessuch as England, France, Spain, and Portugal. Like all European imperialistic countries, the Dutch faced severe criticism for their actions.
Although colonization made the Dutch very wealthy, they were accused of brutal enslavement of native inhabitants and exploitation of the natural resources of their colonies. The Dutch colonial empire is tremendously important geographically and historically. A small country was able to develop an expansive, successful empire.
Features of Dutch culture, such as the Dutch language, still exist in the Netherlands' former and current territories. Migrants from its territories have made the Netherlands a very multiethnic, fascinating country.
Share Flipboard Email. By Katherine Schulz Richard.The Patriottentijd Dutch ; lit. Its name derives from the Patriots Patriotten faction who opposed the rule of the stadtholderWilliam V, Prince of Orangeand his supporters who were known as Orangists Orangisten.
In one of the leaders of the Patriots, Joan Derk van der Capellen tot den Pol anonymously published a pamphlet, entitled Aan het Volk van Nederland "To the People of the Netherlands"in which he advocated the formation of civic militias on the Swiss and American model to help restore the republican constitution. Such militias were subsequently organised in many localities and formed, together with Patriot political clubs, the core of the Patriot movement.
From on, the Patriots managed to gain power in a number of Dutch cities, where they replaced the old system of co-option of regenten with a system of democratically elected representatives. This enabled them to replace the representatives of these cities in the States of several provinces, gaining Patriot majorities in the States of Holland, Groningen and Utrecht, and frequently also in the States General. This helped to emasculate the stadtholder's power as he was deprived of his command over a large part of the Dutch States Army.
A low-key civil war ensued that resulted in a military stalemate, until in September—October the Patriots were defeated by a Prussian army and many were forced into exile. From onward, however, Dutch States Party regenten once again began styling themselves "Patriots". The Orangist party did try to reappropriate the term, but it was forced on the defensive, which became apparent when it renamed one of its weekly magazines to De Ouderwetse Nederlandsche Patriot "The Old-Fashioned Dutch Patriot".
Patriotism and anti-Orangism had become synonymous. The Patriots can be divided into two separate groups: aristocrats and democrats. The aristocratic Patriots also called oudpatriotten or "Old Patriots"initially the strongest, can be viewed as oppositional regentenwho either sought to enter the factions in power, or tried to realise the so-called " Loevesteinian " ideal of a republic without Orange; they came from the existing Dutch States Party.
The democratic Patriots emerged later, and consisted mainly of non-regent members of the bourgeoisiewho strove to democratise the Republic. Finally, the term Patriottentijd for the historical era is a historiographical invention of 19th-century Dutch historians, comparable to the terms " First Stadtholderless Period ", " Second Stadtholderless Period ", and "Fransche Tijd French Era " for the era of the Batavian Republicthe Kingdom of Holland and the French First Empire— Herman Theodoor Colenbrander for instance, used the term as the title of one of his main works: De patriottentijd: hoofdzakelijk naar buitenlandsche bescheiden The Hague, After the halcyon days of the Dutch Golden Age of the first two-thirds of the 17th century, the Dutch economy entered a period of stagnation and relative decline.
The absolute size of Dutch GNP remained constant, but the economy was overtaken by that of other European countries in the course of the 18th century. Besides, in a number of economic sectors, such as the fisheries and most industries that had sprung up in the early 17th century, an absolute decline occurred.
The country's deindustrialization resulted in de-urbanization as artisans that had worked in the disappearing industries had to move to areas where work was still to be found. The shrinking industrial base was also concentrating in particular areas, to the detriment of other areas where certain industries shipbuilding, textiles had formerly been prominent.
Remarkably for an era of rapid population growth in other European countries, the size of the Dutch population remained constant during the 18th century at around 1. But this was somewhat misleading as economic inequality markedly increased during the 18th century: the economy became dominated by a small group of very rich rentiersand the economy shifted to what we would now call a service economyin which the commercial sector always strong in the Netherlands and the banking sector dominated. These shifts had a devastating effect for the people who experienced downward social mobility and ended up in the lower strata of Dutch society.
But even those that were not affected by such downward mobility, and remained in the upper and middle classes, were affected by this perceived economic decline.
The economic decline worked through in the political sphere as after the Peace of Utrecht of the government of the Dutch Republic felt constrained to enter upon a policy of austerity as a consequence of the dire state of the Dutch public finances. Both the mercenary Dutch States Army and the Dutch navy suffered a large shrinkage in the following period, and consequently the Republic had to give up the pretense of being a European great powerin the military sense, with the diplomatic consequences that entailed.
It became clear that the Republic had become a pawn in European power politicsdepending on the good will of other countries such as France, Prussia and Great Britain. This decline in international diplomatic standing also contributed to the malaise that resulted from the perceived decline. The disaffection with the perceived state of the economy and diplomatic decline was paired with a growing disaffection with the political system of the Dutch Republic among middle-class Dutchmen.
The Dutch "constitution" [Note 2] defined the Dutch Republic as a confederation of sovereign provinces with a republican character. Those local governments, however, though ostensibly representing "The People" according to the prevailing ideology, had in fact involved into oligarchies dominated by a few families that in the cities at least were not formally part of the nobility, but were considered "patrician" in the classical sense.
The members of the regenten class co-opted each other in the city vroedschapwhich elected the city magistrates and sent delegates to the regional and national States.Home Discussions Workshop Market Broadcasts. Change language. Install Steam. Store Page.
Global Achievements. Noobinator59 View Profile View Posts. The neatherlands declare indepandence and take the last dutch provinces of austria. Good thing i thought. Now want my dutch provinces to the neatherlands too. They never stopped revolts against me. It eat up my man power. How can I stop the revolts? Do I have to take the whole neatherlands?
Showing 1 - 11 of 11 comments. Nubnut View Profile View Posts. You have to change the culture of the provinces, you can go to war with the Netherlands and force them to revoke their cores on the provinces so you can change the culture. You can also just negotiate with the rebels or whatever. If you're big enough it won't hurt you much. If you're smaller, its not really an option. Originally posted by nubnut :. Originally posted by soccerrockerryan :.
But this is over a year to late :D. Locomotive View Profile View Posts. Originally posted by Noobinator59 :. Originally posted by Locomotive :. Kuma View Profile View Posts. Did somebody said necro? Sergeilol View Profile View Posts. Originally posted by Cortez :. Per page: 15 30 Date Posted: 21 Jul, am. Posts: Discussions Rules and Guidelines. Note: This is ONLY to be used to report spam, advertising, and problematic harassment, fighting, or rude posts.
All rights reserved. All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. Some geospatial data on this website is provided by geonames.
View mobile website.Home Discussions Workshop Market Broadcasts. Change language. Install Steam. Store Page. Global Achievements. I formed netherlands as burgundy by the event dutch republic hasnt fired yet the year isdo you have to be protestant I'm reformed? Showing 1 - 3 of 3 comments.
Bittersteel View Profile View Posts. Besides the fact that Netherlands general religion is Reformed, It fires like Archduchy, sometimes it takes a while and sometimes it takes a short time. Alex View Profile View Posts. I'm pretty sure the event fires between andmaybe I'm wrong. Pippin View Profile View Posts. Is that the one? Mean time to happen has no modifier ever, so it's a 0. Last edited by Pippin ; 12 Feb, am. Per page: 15 30 Date Posted: 11 Feb, pm. Posts: 3. Discussions Rules and Guidelines.
Note: This is ONLY to be used to report spam, advertising, and problematic harassment, fighting, or rude posts. All rights reserved.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. Some geospatial data on this website is provided by geonames. View mobile website.Home Discussions Workshop Market Broadcasts. Change language. Install Steam. Store Page. Global Achievements. I'm currently playing as Austria and managed to secure 5 PU by Also I got the Burgundian inheritance obviously.
And so I would like to know in what way I can avoid the Dutch Revolt from ever occuring, if possible. I know people keeps saying to culture convert those lowland provinces but looking at the amount of diplo points needed to do so, which is insanely over I wouldn't think twice of doing so. Given the fact that I'm pretty short on diplo mana with all these PU and alliance stuffs. So that leaves me to I believe 2 options?
Either move my capital there Antwerp would probably be the best fitor I force vassalized Holland which is unfortunately independent and feed them those lowland provinces and let them form Netherland whilst being my vassal.
Well what do you guys think? Help is greatly appreciated here Showing 1 - 11 of 11 comments. Could always just keep a sizeable army there when it's suppose to start, and put them down hard. It's what I did in a Spain run when I inherited Burgundy. Ok lol I missed that rather brute option. So by sizeable, how much revolt forces that I'm expected to deal with?
Just making sure to not let my guard down while warring other nations. Pheww quite a relief. Anyway, thank you so much to both of you guys!
Gonna keep my Austrian ball rolling ehehe. No prob man, good luck. I fell like they were a little bigger. Also there will probably be a wipe the dutch off the map mission that pops up.
It's a bit finicky and failed automatially for me. Arsonius View Profile View Posts. In my Burgundy run I just crushed them. I think they were up to 35 in size, but generally there was a lot of time between them appearing.
Yeah gotta keep a close eye on that. Rabob View Profile View Posts. Another great way to deal with it: Vassalize the Netherlands when it pops up. When the rebel event comes you can then give your province to the Netherlands, but you keep your core :D So annexing them later on is almost for free.Netherlands is a country in Europa Universalis II. In normal games their provinces are coloured dark orange, in fantasia games, they are coloured light orange. The Netherlands should not be confused with Holland.
The Netherlands is a multi-province country that exists at the start of most scenarios. Holland is a single-province country that can only come into existence by means of an early revolt. The Netherlands can be created by revolt at any point after 1st January Whilst its culture and religion are not specified in revolt. In this scenario, Netherlands have Dutch culturesReformed religionand ducats in the treasury. They own and control four core provinces in Europe, three non-core provinces in the Americas, two non-core provinces in India, five non-core provinces in the East Indies, and one non-core island off the coast of Africa.
There are also two core provinces in Europe which they neither own nor control. They have the following stability and technology :. For this scenario, the Netherlands does not use its default policy slider settings, but instead uses the following:.
They own and control four core provinces in Europe, four non-core provinces in the Americas, six non-core provinces in India, twelve non-core provinces in the East Indies, and five non-core provinces in Africa. They own and control four core provinces in Europe, three core provinces in the Americas, two core provinces in India, eighteen non-core provinces in the East Indies, and two core provinces in Africa.
There are also three core provinces in India and three in the East Indies which they neither own nor control. They own and control four core provinces in Europe, three core provinces in the Americas, two core provinces in India, eighteen non-core provinces in the East Indies, one core province in Africa, and one non-core province in Africa.
There are also three core provinces in India, and three in the East Indies which they neither own nor control.
Eighty Years' War facts for kids
The Netherlands always use the Netherlands AI file. This means that they have the following priorities:. Their bonus for colonising provinces next to ones they already control is 5 compared to a default of Their bonus for colonising provinces next to other countries is 0 compared to a default of When colonising, they will prioritise the regions of Carribean, India, and Indonesia marked blue on the maps.
They will also prioritise the following areas marked red on the maps :.The causes of the Dutch Revolt and the ensuing Eighty Years Warconsidered to have started in Junewere a number of incidents and frictions had accumulated between the Dutch provinces and their Habsburg overlord.
The direct cause of this war was similar to the slogan, No taxation without representation. Translated, the phrases mean "those lands around here" for the Dutch, and "those lands around there" for the French. While they were being taxed beyond what they were willing to pay, these far-away provinces were being continually admonished for seeing to their own business without permission from the throne, which at that time was indeed far away, in Spain.
Each request for special permission would take at least four weeks for a response from Spain. This unrest over taxation without representation was amplified by a strong presence of Spanish troops brought in to oversee the order in these provinces.
Meanwhile, a parallel religious revolt was seen as a direct threat to the Roman Catholic Spanish throne, by the spread of the Anabaptism of the Dutch reformer Menno Simons and the teachings of foreign Protestant leaders like Martin Luther and John Calvinculminating with the Beeldenstorma country-wide outburst of iconoclasm in The date for the formal start of hostilities is often cited as the execution of the statesmen Lamoral, Count of Egmont and Philip de Montmorency, Count of Hoornon the main square in Brussels on June 5, This double execution for their failure to defend the regent Margaret of Parma from the armed incursion by nobles presenting the 'Compromise of the Nobility' on 5 April This episode ended poetically, four years later, in the total destruction of Lamoral's home in the far north, Egmond Castlealong with the neighbouring Egmond Abbey.
When Emperor Charles V began the gradual abdication of his several crowns in Octoberhis son Philip II took over as overlord of the conglomerate of duchies, counties and other feudal fiefs known as the Habsburg Netherlands. This framework divided power between city governments and local nobility, provincial States and royal stadtholdersand a central government of three collateral councils,  assisting usually a Regent, and the States-General of the Netherlands.
The balance of power was heavily weighted toward the local and regional governments. Like his predecessors, Philip II had to ceremonially affirm those constitutional documents like the Joyous Entry of Brabant before his accession to the ducal throne.
Beyond these constitutional guarantees, the balance of power between local and central government was guaranteed by the dependence of the central government on extraordinary levies Beden granted by the States-General when ordinary tax revenues fell short of the financing requirements of the central government which occurred frequently, due to the many wars Charles waged.
Though he was in the Netherlands  in January,Philip II did not assume the reins of government in person, as he had to divide his attentions between England where he was king-consort of Mary I of Englandthe Netherlands, and Spain.
He therefore appointed a governor-general Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoyand subsequently from on, a Regent his half-sister Margaret of Parma to lead the central government on a day-to-day basis. But other than Charles he also introduced a number of Spanish councillors in the Council of State, foremost Antoine Perrenot de Granvellea French-born cardinal. These people gained a preponderant influence in the Council, much to the chagrin of the Netherlandish old guard.
When Philip left for Spain in as it turned out, permanently the central government therefore already experienced political strains, and those were exacerbated by the question of religious policy. He therefore outlawed heresy in special placards that made it a capital offense, to be prosecuted by a Netherlandish version of the Inquisition. Between andmore than 1, people were executed as hereticsfar more relative to the overall population than, for instance, in France.
These placardsand the policy of repression of heresy in general, were highly unpopular, not just with prospective adherents of the Protestant faiths, but also with the Catholic population and the local governments, who considered it an intrusion on their prerogatives. Towards the end of Charles' reign, enforcement had therefore become quite lax.
Philip, however, insisted on rigorous enforcement and this caused more and more popular unrest. In the province of Holland, for instance, there were riots in the late s during which the mob freed some condemned persons before their execution. To support and strengthen the attempts at Counter-Reformationissuing from the Council of TrentPhilip launched a wholesale organizational reform of the Catholic Church in the Netherlands in with Papal approval.
This amounted to the introduction of fourteen new dioceses instead of the old three. This new hierarchy was to be headed by Granvelle as archbishop of the new archdiocese of Mechelen.
The reform was especially unpopular with the old church hierarchy as the new dioceses were to be financed by transferring a number of rich abbeys that were traditionally in the gift of the high aristocracy.