It was one of the main sites targeted in the Mumbai attacks. Part of the Taj Hotels Resorts and Palacesthis hotel with its rooms and 44 suites is considered the flagship property of the group; it employs some 1, staff. The hotel is made up of two different buildings: the Taj Mahal Palace and the Tower, which are historically and architecturally distinct from each other the Taj Mahal Palace was built at the start of the twentieth century; the Tower was opened in The hotel has a long and distinguished history, having received many notable guests, from presidents to captains of industry and stars of show business.

The hotel is notorious as the most visible target of the Mumbai attacks. Inthe Taj Mahal Palace Hotel acquired an image trademark[8] the first building in the country to secure intellectual-property-right protection for its architectural design. The original building of the hotel was commissioned by Tata. Its doors opened to guests on 16 December It is widely believed that Jamsetji Tata decided to build the hotel after he was refused entry to one of the city's grand hotels of the time, Watson's Hotelas it was restricted to "whites only".

However, this story has been challenged by many commentators who suggest that Tata was most unlikely to have been concerned with 'revenge' against his British adversaries. Instead, the Taj was built at the urging of editor of The Times of India who felt a hotel "worthy of Bombay" was needed and as a "gift to the city he loved" by Tata. Mirza, and the project was completed by an English engineer, W.

The builder was Khansaheb Sorabji Ruttonji Contractor who also designed and built its famous central floating staircase. Originally the main entrance was on the other side, where now the pool exists, and the ocean was at the back, although it is now always viewed and photographed from the ocean side.

Between andwork proceeded at Apollo Bundar to reclaim the land behind the hotel where the Gateway of India was built in The original clientele were mainly the Europeans, the Maharajas and the social elites. Many world-renowned personalities from all fields have since stayed there, from Somerset Maugham and Duke Ellington to Lord Mountbatten and Bill Clinton. When it opened inthe hotel was the first in India to have: electricity, American fans, German elevators, Turkish baths and English butlers.

Later it also had the city's first licensed bar, India's first all-day restaurant, and India's first discotheque, Blow Up. Muhammad Ali Jinnah 's second wife Ratanbai Petit lived here during her last days in The Taj Mahal Tower, an additional wing of the hotel, was opened in Init expanded overseas. The hotel received extensive international exposure in during a terrorist attack and reopened after extensive repairs. Taj Mahal Palace Hotel was specifically chosen by Lashkar-e-Taibaa terror group who attacked multiple targets, [21] for an attack so that it will be "striking a blow against a symbol of Indian wealth and progress".

The casualties were mostly Indian citizens, although westerners carrying foreign passports were singled out. Approximately people were staying in the Taj Mahal Palace and Hotel at the time of the seizure. Soon after 30 NovemberTata chairman Ratan Tata said in an interview with CNN 's Fareed Zakaria that they had received advance warning of the attacks and that some countermeasures had been taken.

These may have been relaxed before the attack, but in any case were easily sidestepped by the operatives. It took several months to rebuild the popular heritage section of the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel. Hillary Clinton visited Mumbai in Julyaiming to deepen India — United States relations and stayed at the Taj hotel; she also attended a commemoration event. The cost of the restoration of the hotel so far has been 1. The palace wing has been restored and offers new hotel services.

On 6 NovemberU.She was the daughter of Abu'l-Hasan Asaf Khana wealthy Persian noble who held high office in the Mughal Empire, and the niece of Empress Nur Jahanthe chief wife of Emperor Jahangir and the power behind the emperor. Mumtaz Mahal died in in BurhanpurDeccan present-day Madhya Pradeshduring the birth of her fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhar Ara Begum. As with other Mughal royal ladies, we have no contemporary likenesses that are accepted as of her, but numerous imagined portraits were created from the 19th century onwards.

His family had come to India impoverished inwhen his father Mirza Ghias Beg popularly known by his title of I'timad-ud-Daulah[17] was taken into the service of Emperor Akbar in Agra. Mumtaz was remarkable in the field of learning and was a talented and cultured lady. Early in adolescence, she attracted the attention of important nobles of the realm.

Jahangir must have heard about her, since he readily consented to Shah Jahan's engagement with her. Mumtaz Mahal was betrothed to Shah Jahan around 30 January[6] when she was 14 years old at the time and he was They were, however, married five years after the year of their betrothal on 30 April in Agra.

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By all accounts, Shah Jahan was so taken with Mumtaz that he showed little interest in exercising his polygamous rights with his two other wives, other than dutifully siring a child with each. The intimacy, deep affection, attention and favour which Shah Jahan had for Mumtaz exceeded what he felt for his other wives.

taj mahal wikipedia

Mumtaz had a loving marriage with Shah Jahan. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, grace, and compassion. Despite her frequent pregnancies, Mumtaz travelled with Shah Jahan's entourage throughout his earlier military campaigns and the subsequent rebellion against his father.

She was his constant companion and trusted confidant, leading court historians to go to unheard lengths to document the intimate and erotic relationship the couple enjoyed. In their nineteen years of marriage, they had fourteen children together eight sons and six daughters[32] seven of whom died at birth or at a very young age. It was decorated with pure gold and precious stones and had rose-water fountains of its own. Each wife of the Mughal emperor was given a regular monthly allowance for her gastos housekeeping or travelling expenses ; the highest such allowance on record is the one million rupees per year given to Mumtaz Mahal by Shah Jahan.

Shah Jahan consulted Mumtaz in both private matters and the affairs of the state, and she served as his close confidant and trusted adviser. At her intercession, he forgave enemies or commuted death sentences. A great influence on him, often intervening on behalf of the poor and destitute, she also enjoyed watching elephant and combat fights [ clarification needed ] performed for the court.

Mumtaz also patronized a number of poets, scholars and other talented persons.La palabra Taj proviene del persalenguaje de la corte mogol, y significa "Corona", mientras que Mahal es una variante corta de Mumtaz Mahalel nombre formal en la corte de Arjumand Banu Begum, cuyo significado es "Primera dama del palacio". Taj Mahal, entonces, se refiere a la corona de Mahalla amada esposa de Sha Jahan.

A finales del siglo XIX varios sectores del Taj Mahal estaban muy deteriorados por falta de mantenimiento. En el centro, los amplios jardines divididos en cuadros se organizan mediante la cruz formada por los canales. Las partes posteriores de los edificios son paralelas a las paredes occidental y oriental. Actualmente las tumbas reales se encuentran en un nivel inferior.

Estos arcos principales se elevan hasta el techo del basamento, generando una fachada integrada. A cada lado de la arcada principal, hay arcadas menores arriba y abajo. Este motivo se repite en las ochavas. En cada esquina del pedestal base, un minarete complementa y realza el conjunto. La aguja principal originalmente estaba hecha de oro, pero fue reemplazada por una copia hecha de bronce dorado a principios del siglo XIX. El motivo del loto se repite en chattris y guldastas.

Cada minarete fue construido levemente inclinado hacia afuera del conjunto. Ocho arcos apuntados definen el espacio a nivel del suelo. Igual que en el exterior, a cada medio arco se le superpone un segundo a media altura en la pared.

En la tapa de la urna sobresale una pastilla rectangular que asemeja una tablilla o placa para escribir. La secuencia constructiva fue:. A una profundidad de 1,50 metros, alineado con el sendero principal, corre un conducto de barro cocido que llena las piletas principales de los jardines. Chiranjilal, un artesano de Nueva Delhifue el escultor jefe y responsable de los mosaicos.

El Taj Mahal fue construido con materiales de toda la India y Asia. Se necesitaron esfuerzos de 22, obreros, pintores, artistas de bordado y canteros para dar forma al Taj Mahal. El Taj Mahal, por el contrario, se ha dispuesto en forma de una gran "T" con el mausoleo en un extremo. Se hacen afirmaciones similares para muchos edificios famosos. El presidente del instituto revisionista indio, P. A lo largo de los siglos, el Taj Mahal ha inspirado la prosa de viajeros, escritores, y otras personalidades de todo el mundo, poniendo de relieve la fuerte carga emocional que produce el monumento:.

El Taj Mahal fue nombrado el 7 de julio de como parte de las nuevas siete maravillas del mundo moderno.It was commissioned in by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan reigned from to to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal ; it also houses the tomb of Shah Jahan himself.

The tomb is the centrepiece of a hectare acre complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall. Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed inbut work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The construction project employed some 20, artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.

It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India's rich history. The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan into be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahalwho died on 17 June that year, giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian and earlier Mughal architecture.

While earlier Mughal buildings were primarily constructed of red sandstoneShah Jahan promoted the use of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones.

Buildings under his patronage reached new levels of refinement.

taj mahal wikipedia

The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan an arch-shaped doorway topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin. Each side of the iwan is framed with a huge pishtaq or vaulted archway with two similarly shaped arched balconies stacked on either side.

This motif of stacked pishtaqs is replicated on the chamfered corner areas, making the design completely symmetrical on all sides of the building. Four minarets frame the tomb, one at each corner of the plinth facing the chamfered corners.

The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan; the actual graves are at a lower level. Main marble dome, smaller domes, and decorative spires that extend from the edges of the base walls. The most spectacular feature is the marble dome that surmounts the tomb.

Because of its shape, the dome is often called an onion dome or amrud guava dome. The shape of the dome is emphasised by four smaller domed chattris kiosks placed at its corners, which replicate the onion shape of the main dome.

The dome is slightly asymmetrical.Henry Saint Clair Fredericks born May 17,who uses the stage name Taj Mahalis an American blues musician, a singer-songwriter and film composer who plays the guitar, piano, banjo, harmonica, and many other instruments. He was raised in a musical environment; his mother was a member of a local gospel choir and his father was an Afro-Caribbean jazz arranger and piano player. His family owned a shortwave radio which received music broadcasts from around the world, exposing him at an early age to world music.

He also became interested in jazz, enjoying the works of musicians such as Charles MingusThelonious Monk and Milt Jackson. Because his father was a musician, his house was frequently the host of other musicians from the Caribbean, Africa, and the U. His parents also encouraged him to pursue music, starting him out with classical piano lessons.

He also studied the clarinet, trombone and harmonica. This was an extremely traumatic experience for the boy. Mahal's mother later remarried. His stepfather owned a guitar which Taj began using at age 13 or 14, receiving his first lessons from a new neighbor from North Carolina of his own age who played acoustic blues guitar. In high school Mahal sang in a doo-wop group. For some time Mahal thought of pursuing farming over music.

He had developed a passion for farming that nearly rivaled his love of music—coming to work on a farm first at age It was a dairy farm in Palmer, Massachusettsnot far from Springfield. I clipped udders. I grew corn. I grew Tennessee redtop clover.

Taj Mahal Palace Hotel

Taj Mahalhis stage name, came to him in dreams about GandhiIndiaand social tolerance. He started using it in [9] or [6] —around the same time he began attending the University of Massachusetts. Despite having attended a vocational agriculture school, becoming a member of the National FFA Organizationand majoring in animal husbandry and minoring in veterinary science and agronomyMahal decided to take the route of music instead of farming.

West Coast, he was also part of a duo with Jessie Lee Kincaid. The group was one of the first interracial bands of the period, which likely made them commercially unviable. He recorded a total of twelve albums for Columbia from the late s into the s.

His work of the s was especially important, in that his releases began incorporating West Indian and Caribbean music, jazz and reggae into the mix. Inhe acted in and wrote the film score for the movie Sounderwhich starred Cicely Tyson. In Mahal left Columbia and signed with Warner Bros. Recordsrecording three albums for them. One of these was another film score for 's Brothers ; the album shares the same name.Foi anunciado em como uma das sete maravilhas do mundo moderno.

No centro, os amplos jardins divididos em quadrados, organizam-se mediante a cruz formada pelos canais. O estilo recorda a arquitectura mogol e os primeiros imperadores. Originalmente a entrada fechava-se com duas grandes portas de prataque foram desmontadas e fundidas pelos jates em A tumba descansa sobre um pedestal quadrado. Este motivo repete-se nas esquinas. Em cada esquina do pedestal base, um minarete complementa o conjunto. Cada elemento decorativo do exterior foi redefinido mediante a forma das joias.

Na tampa da urna sobressai um placa, que se assemelha a um quadro de escola. Sobre a tampa da urna existe uma escultura de uma pequena caixa de penas de escrever. As restantes partes do complexo tomaram mais dez anos.

A uma profundidade de 1,50 metros, corre a conduta de barro que completa o sistema de rega dos jardins. Mais 1. O jaspe foi importado do Punjabe o cristal e o jadeda China. O presidente do instituto revisionista indiano, P. Redirecionado de Taj mahal.

Zahoor e Dr. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Consultado em 5 de novembro de Arquivado do original em 14 de junho de O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre o Taj Mahal. Sete maravilhas do mundo. Sete maravilhas do mundo antigo.

taj mahal wikipedia

Sete maravilhas do mundo moderno. Concurso das Novas sete maravilhas do mundo. Categorias ocultas:! Noutros projetos Wikimedia Commons. Documenta a mesma irrealidade. Farol de Alexandria. Muralha da China. Cristo Redentor. Machu Picchu. Coliseu de Roma. Taj Mahal.It was also the home of Scores, the country's first in-casino strip club.

The Taj Mahal came to the brink of closure in as its parent company went through bankruptcy, but ultimately remained open under the new ownership of Icahn Enterprises. It was the highest penalty ever levied by the U. On August 3,it was announced that the Trump Taj Mahal would close after Labor Day, because of casino workers on strike. It reopened on June 27,a day earlier than planned. After Crosby's death in AprilResorts International became a takeover target.

Because New Jersey law prohibited anyone from owning more than three casinos, Trump planned to close the original Resorts casino and operate it as a hotel annex to the Taj Mahal. The casino opened on April 2, Inthe Taj Mahal went through a prepackaged bankruptcyresulting in Trump giving a 50 percent stake in the business to its bondholders in exchange for lowered interest rates and a longer payoff schedule.

The Taj Mahal was the highest grossing casino in the city until the opening of The Borgata in The Chairman Tower opened inbringing the complex to over 2, rooms. Inthe Taj Mahal opened the nation's first casino strip club, featuring scantily clad dancers.

The Hard Rock Cafe remains open. In Novemberthe Hard Rock announced a plan to launch both online and retail sportsbooks in In Januarythe Hard Rock launched its online sportsbook, making it the 10th sportsbook app in New Jersey.

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Trump Entertainment Resorts filed for bankruptcy on September 10,[37] and announced plans to close the Taj Mahal on November 13 if the casino did not get concessions from its unions. Workers from the casino marched to Mayor Don Guardian 's office on the morning of November 3, to ask him to reconsider granting concessions, which the casino said were necessary to remain open.

About 1, employees signed a petition calling on the mayor and other officials "to do everything possible" to keep the casino open. At the time, four of twelve casinos in Atlantic City had closed and Trump Taj Mahal would have been the fifth if it were to close. In filing a revised reorganization plan in Delaware bankruptcy court, Trump Entertainment Resorts said its board had approved a shutdown of the casino by December 12, The shutdown date was later pushed back to December The casino retained the name "Trump Taj Mahal", though Donald Trump no longer held any ownership stake.

On November 14,Trump Entertainment Resorts announced that the casino would shut down in December unless its main union, UNITE HEREdropped its appeal of a court-ordered cost-savings package, which had effectively cancelled the workers' health insurance and pension coverage.

Over its years of operation———the Trump Taj Mahal was "repeatedly cited for having inadequate money-laundering controls, not an unusual charge in the gaming business".

In Februarythe U. The casino agreed to periodic external audits to comply with anti-money laundering statutes, [54] and admitted to multiple violations as part of its settlement. Trump Taj Mahal was "far from meeting" standards required to protect the U.

taj mahal wikipedia