The Earth may not be flat nor is it the center of the universe, but that doesn't mean old-world intellectuals got everything wrong. In recent years, modern science has validated a number of teachings and beliefs rooted in the ancient wisdom of Unani science. The Unani system of medicine, sometimes referred to as the "Greco-Arab" medicine or "Unani Tibb"; is based on Greek philosophy, originated in Greece and the term Unani is derived from 'Unan', Arabic and Urdu for 'Greece'.

The theoretical framework of Unani medicine is based on the work of Hippocrates BC. By his method of careful study and comparison of symptoms, he laid down the foundation for clinical medicine based on diet and rest.

He advocated that the chief function of a physician is to aid the natural forces of the body in combating a disease. Rhazes and Avicenna authored Al-Hawi and Al-Qanun respectively, which were compilations of their observations. Unani system follows the humoural theory which postulates the presence of four humours in the body: dam bloodbalgham phlegmsafra yellow bile and sauda black bilea parallel to kapha, vata and pitta, the three doshas in ayurveda.

The quality and quantity of four humors affect the state of health and disease in the body. An integral part of the national health care delivery system, equilibrium plays a very important role here. Effective, inexpensive and easily available, Unani says that the human body is maintained by the harmonious arrangement of the 7 natural and basic components called "Umoor-e-Tabiya" fundamentals of physique which are responsible for maintenance of health.

These are the heroes and villains that play their crucial role in human life. Unani System is part of the knowledge of indigenous cultures, which has stood the test of time. Now the system has transcended national boundaries and is popular among the masses globally. Each of the four elements "arkan" has its own special qualities: Earth is cold and dry; Water is cold and moist; Fire is hot and dry; Air is hot and moist.

The resultant quality of the uniform body is called its " mizaj ". The temperament of a substance may be a " mizaj-e-mutadil " balanced one or a " mizaj-e-ghair-mutadil " imbalanced one. Different types and shades of imbalanced temperaments are described in Unani, which believes that at birth every person is endowed with a unique and healthy humoural constitution determining the temperament of an individual.

Unani also postulates that the body contains a self-preservative power, which strives to restore any disturbance within the limits prescribed by the constitution or state of the individual. The physician merely aims to help and develop rather than supersede or impede the action of this power. Since in Unani, health and disease depend upon the equilibrium or imbalance between the four humours. Besides, it gives due importance to the surroundings and the ecological conditions on the state of health.

The examination of the urine is the next important step. Its colour, taste, viscosity, whether it has froth on its surface, if the bubbles formed are f1 skeletonized grip, indicating balgham, or small, indicating safra, are scrutinised.

The stool is also examined in a similar way. Some Unani physicians also examine the blood pressure and use stethoscopes to study the breathing and heart sounds.Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning Greek.

Greek medicine, greatly simplified for presentation here, was based on the concept of balancing body humors. They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases depending on circumstancesor were restored to balance to heal diseases. The system involved four elements, thus differing from the Ayurvedic system of three doshas and the Chinese system of five elements.

Unani medicine, like Western medicine which also arose from the Greek background owes its origination to Hippocrates B. Other Greek medical masters, such as Dioscorides and Galen, who we recognize as the forerunners of Western herbal medicine, are also considered founders of Unani medicine. The adoption of Greek medicine into the Islamic culture was depicted by Husain F. The timing of events is described in relation to rule of caliphs, the civil and religious leaders of Muslim states, who are considered to be successors of Mohammed:.

It was to settle Greek prisoners At this time it already had a well established hospital and medical school.

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It was during the Abbasid Caliphate A. This physician was Jirjis Bukhtishu, a Christian whose name meant 'Jesus has saved.

Unani Medicine (Tibb-E-Unani)

He did not stay permanently in Baghdad, returning to Jundishapur before his death, but the migration to Baghdad had begun. Thus, his son Jibrail Bukhtishu established his practice in the city and became a prominent physician [he was invited to head the first Islamic hospital, built under direction of the Caliph].

Another family that migrated from Jundishapur to Baghdad was that of Masawayh, who went at the invitation of Caliph Harun-ul-Rashid A. Most famous amongst his three sons who were all physicians was Yuhanna ibn Masawayh known as Mesue Senior in the West. He wrote prolifically and 42 works are attributed to him [he also translated the Greek works into Arabic].

By this time the 8th century A. Many hospitals and medical centers were established and tremendous intellectual activity was recorded.

unani dawa in urdu

This culminated into the period of Islamic Renaissance and the golden era of Islamic Medicine…. The Mansuri Hospital had its own pharmacy, library and lecture halls. There was also a mosque for Muslim patients and a chapel for Christian patients. The most influential historical figure in this golden era of Unani medicine was Avicenna A.

He began studying medicine at the age of 13 and started treating patients three years later. He gained a very good reputation, such that the ruler of the Samanid Empire in what is now IranNuh ibn Mansur reign: A.

Avicenna was successful and stayed on as court physician; however, the Empire soon fell, and Avicenna became a wandering physician and teacher. Eventually, he moved to Hamadan in west-central Iranwhere he worked as a court physician. He began writing several works on philosophy and medicine, and, through further political upheaval, ended up in Isfahan, where he was able to complete his books.

He died soon after, while serving as a court physician on a military campaign back to Hamadan, suffering an illness he was unable to cure. His writings included diverse subjects such as mathematics, astronomy, geology, and logic. His most important medical work was The Canon of Medicine Qununwhich remained a valued text throughout Europe and the mid-East for several centuries after his death. The Unani medical system flourished in Persia and India. Today, it is especially strong in Pakistan, which was partitioned as a separate Islamic country with the independence of India from Britain in The Unani system is sometimes called Hikmat or Unani-Tibb.

Its medical practitioners are called Hakims.The Unani Tibb system of medicine is traced to the system of Greek medicine developed during the Arab civilisation, is also called the Greco-Arab system. The name Unani Ionian is considered indicative of the Greek origin of the system, though the European historians call it Arab medicine, now prevalent in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. It had gone also to places where the asian muslims took it along.

It was Hippocrates, the Greek philosopher-physician to BCEwho relieved medicine from the grip of superstition and magic and gave it the status of science.

unani dawa in urdu

The theoretical frame work of Unani is based on the teachings of Hippocrates. Subsequent to him, a number of Greek scholars have enriched the system considerably. Of them was Galen — CE standing out as the one who established the fundamentals of Unani on which the Arab physicians like Rhazes CE and Avicinna CE constructed an imposing edifice.

Unani and Herbal Medicine Education and History Book in Urdu

Thus there is some justification in calling Unani as a Greco-Arab Islamic system. By the time the Muslim religion came into being, Unani was in use. Most medicines and remedies used in Unani are from common herbs and foods. The base used in Unani medicine is often honey. Honey is considered by some to have healing properties and hence is used in food and medicines practiced in the Islamic world.

Real pearls and metal are also used in the making of Unani medicine, based on the kind of ailment it aimed to heal. Unani System has shown remarkable results in curing the diseases like Arthritis, Leucoderma, Jaundice, Liver disorders, Nervous system disorders, Bronchial Asthma, and several other acute and chronic diseases where other systems have not been able to give desired response.

Now the system has crossed national boundaries and is popular among the masses globally. Unani Medicines. About Unani Medicines The Unani Tibb system of medicine is traced to the system of Greek medicine developed during the Arab civilisation, is also called the Greco-Arab system.Admissions for such course are on the basis of counselling after clearing entrance tests depending on the colleges.

Major Job profile and designations for these graduates are Hakeem, Consultant, Lecturer, Scientist, Therapist, Private practice, Pharmacist, Medical assistant, Public health specialist and Spa directoretc. Unani is the system of alternative medicines. This is similar to the Ayurveda in term of the four elements and as popular as the Ayurveda.

The clinical features as the sign, symptoms, laboratory features and mijaz are important to diagnose any disease. The students who have studied Urdu in class XII or having proficiency in Urdu language will be given preference in admission.

Some reputed institutions offers admission through the national and state level entrance examination. The candidate should be minimum of 17years old. Many organizations and research institutions are working in the manufacturing and research field in abroad are requiring the professional in this field. Unani is known as the fourth populous medication system after Allopathy, Ayurveda and Homeopathy.

Candidates can get the job in Unani colleges as a professor, lecturer, and teacher or as a researcher. This gives birth to an alternate treatment. Some of the popular professional avenues open to such graduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

For more info you can simply log on to collegedunia. No Result found. Toggle navigation. Table of Contents. Get Free Counselling. Updated On - January 8th, Sakshi Gupta Content Curator. Top Medicine Colleges Abroad.

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Desi Totkay for Constipation (Qabz) in Urdu – Kabz ka Homemade Ilaj

How Collegedunia helps you in Admission Brochure Details. Check Detailed Fees.Unani Medicine is an ancient system of medicine that is believed to have originated in the Perso-Arabic regions dating back almost years. Today, the Unani system, with its recognized practitioners, research and educational institutions, and hospitals, forms an important part of the healthcare delivery system in several countries, especially in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

It was widely practiced in the Mughal India and some regions of the South Asia. It is also popular in the modern-day Central Asia. This system owes its current form to the Arabs as they saved the Greek literature and rendered it to the Arabs and also enriched this system with their own contributions by making extensive use of their knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology, Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Pathology, Surgery, and Therapeutics. Unani means symbol of life.

Unani medicine strives to find the best methods to help humans lead a healthy life with minimal or zero risks of any sickness. It prescribes diet, drinks, drugs, and some other regiments such as the code of conduct that is favorable for the maintenance and promotion of health for the prevention and treatment of diseases. The ultimate goal of this system is the creation of a healthy society through scientific prescriptions.

The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. It was the ancient rulers in the north India who provided patronage to the experts of Unani System and enrolled some scholars as court physicians to help this system develop in the country.

Today, Unani Medicine is enriched by imbibing the best from the contemporary systems of traditional medicines in the Syria, Egypt, Iraq, India, Persia, China and other Middle East countries.

It presupposes the presence of four humors: blood, yellow bile, phlegm, and black bile in the body. Unani Medicine believes four humors four Dosha in the body, which when are in balance, a person is healthy and which when getting imbalance, a person suffers from the disease. These basic elements in different combinations or permutations build basic four biological constituents called AKHLAT humours.

The state of balance in four humours is called health and imbalanced state of these humours is called disease. The goal of Unani Medicine is to achieve the healthy state of individual by balancing these four humours in the body. Unani treatment is based on this principle and it treats the person as a whole, not only the disease. These components can be described as follows. The balance of these components is the health and imbalance of these components cause disease.

The loss of these components can cause disability or lead to death. The human body is composed of four elements, which are air, earth, water and fire, each of these having its own temperament. The temperament of air is described as hot and moist while that of the earth is cold and dry. The fire has a hot and dry temperament and water has the moist and cold temperament.

The Unani system gives high importance to the temperament of the individual while treating any disease. It considers that the temperament of every individual is unique to him or her. The temperament is based on or develops due to the interaction of the 5 elements. The temperament is considered real equitable when the elements are in equal quantities.For Premature Ejaculation.

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Being certified from ISO means we have the best machinery for making medicines. Punjab food authority has proved that we have a clean environment, standards, procedures, processes, food safety and quality standards and no such things are used which affect the making or packaging process. As the coronavirus outbreaks, we are frequently hearing from medical health We have resumed our Online Orders dispatching in big cities!

Order deliveries may get little delay due to the ongoing country lockdown. Virtual Hakeem! You can find wide range of products at Dawakhana Hakeem Ajmal Khan!Dawakhana is an Urdu word made up of two words - Dawa medicine and Khana place of. Dawakhana is therefore, strictly speaking, a pharmacy.

But no pharmacy is complete without correct diagnosis of the disease. For which, there is a Hakim at every dawakhana. He was also instrumental in helping Hamdard establish India's first Unani medicine manufacturing plant and was also the in charge of the board of physicians at Hamdard. The tradition started by the father has been continued by his able successor - his son, Adil Hafeez.

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Located in the obscure lanes of Kucha Rehman, Chandni Chowk, Old Delhi, Faiz Dawakhana may not be so easy to access, but that has not prevented people from all walks of life and from near and far even outside India to consult Hakim Adil Hafeez and avail the benefits of Unani medicine. The Dawakhana timings are as follows: am - pm pm - pm The Dawakhana remains closed on all Sundays and National holidays and on days when Eid is celebrated the schedule of which is put up well in advance.

All medicines prescribed and sold at the clinic are prepared, mixed and hand packed by the expert pharmacists at the Dawakhana to ensure no adulteration and so that the freshness of the herbs is always maintained. We also offer patients the flexibility to order their repeat doses online or through phone subject to receipt of online payment prior to the dispatch of the medicines.

Such orders incur an additional nominal courier and handling charges For further details, please Contact Us. Dawakhana Dawakhana is an Urdu word made up of two words - Dawa medicine and Khana place of. The Dawakhana timings are as follows: am - pm pm - pm The Dawakhana remains closed on all Sundays and National holidays and on days when Eid is celebrated the schedule of which is put up well in advance All medicines prescribed and sold at the clinic are prepared, mixed and hand packed by the expert pharmacists at the Dawakhana to ensure no adulteration and so that the freshness of the herbs is always maintained.